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Muckleston Family History Group

researching all references to the surnames Muckleston, Mucklestone, Muckelston and Mackleston please get in touch via the contact us page with any additional information or to correct any errors.

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Joseph Muckleston - Millionaire

 

Born on the 28th January 1754 in Baschurch, Shropshire, Joseph was the second but eldest surviving son of Richard Muckleston and Mary (nee Hawkins). His eldest brother Richard and sister Mary both died as young children. His father was a Gentleman and Draper of London but also had property in Shropshire. Joseph and his brother William Hawkins Muckleston were just 19 and 18 respectively when their father died aged 65 on 29th October 1773 at his residence in Hillingdon, Middlesex.

William obtained his Bachelor of Medicine at Pembroke College Oxford University  in 1782 after 8 years at University. He became a doctor and according to Pallots’ marriage index he married Frances Presland on 11th January 1784 in Hampstead London. They had a daughter Elizabeth but before she was even 3 years old her father, on 5th March 1787, at the young age of 31, was dead. It may have being a long illness as his will was written on 13th April 1786 and in it he states he was “sick in body”. Joseph had not married and there is evidence to show that he took his brothers widow and daughter under his wing. Frances became his hostess and never remarried.

 

Joseph gradually built up a great estate in lands and owned a number of properties in Shropshire and London. He is probably the wealthiest Muckleston since those Lords of the Manor back in the 1300’s. Due to his wealth we have found out quite a bit about Joseph from various sources and documents. I have tried to put the information we have found in chronological order to enable you to get a picture of how he lived.

 

 - Sheriff.

As well as being a wealthy Gentleman Joseph was also appointed Sheriff of Shropshire in 1788 aged just 34. The Sheriffs were chosen from the gentry within the county. Normally appointed at the end of March they held the position for a year. The role was mainly one of law enforcement in the county. A fellow member of the Guild of One Name Studies - John Speake - came across the following while researching his family name in the Shropshire Record Office:

 

SRO QS/1/10 Calendars of Prisoners of Assizes and Quarter Sessions 1786-1800

 

Lent Assizes March 21 1789

 

            Richard Cartwright  Keeper of his majesty's Gaol

            Joseph Muckleston Esq.  Sheriff

 

No 19  Richard Speake aged 31.Charged by the oath of Thomas Watkis of Church Stretton, Currier, for stealing in the night of 8th of October last, Two calve skins, dressed and some other  leather, called Sole Leather, being about three pounds in weight and a piece of dressed cow leather, the property of the said Thomas Watkis and likewise upon the oath of Joseph Mannox  of Enchmarsh in the parish of Cardington for breaking open the Dwelling House of the said Joseph Mannox on Thursday night the fifth instant and stealing and taking away one Upper Coat, the property of the said Joseph Mannox.  Committed the 9th February, by Robert Corbett Esq.

 

Sentences of the foregoing Prisoners:

 

Richard Speake (and others)  Condemned and Reprieved

 

Midsummer Sessions July 14 1789.

 

Sentenced to be transported -  Richard Speake- Aged 31. Lent Assizes 1789. Beyond the seas for seven years each.

 

The sentence had been carried out by Jan 12th 1790.

 

-           A Shrewd Investor

 

 

Joseph's income mainly derived from his vast property holdings and estates but he was also a shrewd investor. Also to be found amongst the documents are 15 papers relating to shares purchased by Joseph Muckleston in the Grand Junction Canal and the Kennet and Avon Canal between 1807 and 1829.

On the 24th of November 1825, he purchased FIVE shares in the Grand Junction Canal for the sum of Fifteen Hundred and Fifteen Pounds, having purchased one share the previous day for the sum of Three Hundred and Three Pounds.

 

Shares in the Kennet and Avon Canal came a little cheaper when he purchased them on the 14th of January 1807 at a mere Ten Shillings for 15 NEW shares.

 

-          A Guardian

 

 

As Joseph had not married his niece Elizabeth, to whom he was clearly very close, became his heiress. This made her a very good catch locally. It is not therefore surprising that she made a good marriage. On 7th February 1812 a couple of weeks before her 28th birthday she married 20 year old Robert Aglionby Slaney, a cousin, who also came from a relatively wealthy family. Robert was a lawyer who was called to the bar at Lincolns Inn in 1817. In the years 1826-1835, 1837-1841, 1847-1862 he was the MP for Shrewsbury. He was also Sheriff of Shropshire in 1854. The couple had three daughters. When Elizabeth died in 1847 he was in the middle of an election campaign, his supporters carried on the campaign. He was to remarry in 1853 but died in 1862 when he fell through a gap in the floor at the Great Exhibition. His wife’s wealthy uncle certainly came in handy and Joseph's accounts show cash gifts to Robert.

 

-          His accounts.

 

Being wealthy he had to keep an eye on his income and expenditure and in Shropshire Record Office is an account book belonging to Joseph from which the following extracts are given – it gives us some idea as to his way of life and style of living.

 

Joseph Muckleston's Account Book - 1817 to 1829 - Extracts from Outgoings.

 

Income during the period January to October 1818 was :    

 

£33,468 18shillings and 8 pence – equivalent of more than £2M today!

(most of us would be more than pleased if this was our income today!)

Date Expenditure  £ d
Jan 3rd 1818  Paid for Insurance at the Sun Fire Office until Christmas 181810  0000 
 Feb 6th 1818By cash paid Eliz Drury for 6 months wages  600 
 Oct 3rd 1818By cash for 2 years water rates up to Midsummer last  111  6
 Jan 23rd 1819

By cash paid ground rent for House No. 7 Euston Square up to

Midsummer last 

10 
 Mar 5th 1819By cash paid for tea to Twinnings 00 
 Apr 3rd 1819By cash paid for half ton of coals  1 800 
 Apr 5th 1819By cash paid for newspapers (Almost certainly a years supply)  5 2 6
 Apr 10th 1819By cash paid to the Mendicity Society for Suppression of Beggars  1 00
 Apr 13th 1819By cash paid Sarah Thomas for quarter years wages due the 25th inst.  1500 
 Oct 22nd 1819By cash paid for two dozen knives and forks  00 
 Nov 1st 1819

By cash paid to Mr Lewis Peacock for Ground Rent for two houses,

No 20 and No. 21 Euston Square up to Michaelmas last

35  3 6
 May 16th 1820By cash paid for 2 dozen of wine  6 00 00
 Nov 3rd 1820By cash paid for a pair of coach horses  70 00 00
 Nov 11th  1820By cash paid for sugar and raisins  110 
 May 23rd 1821By cash paid Andrew Harding for painting   No. 7 Euston Square 40 00 00
 May 23rd 1821By cash paid Lewis Lyons for papering No. 7 as above  25 0000 
 Nov 22nd 1821By cash paid for Silk Umbrella  100  00
 Nov 20th 1822By cash paid for two Barrels of Oysters  16 
Apr 13thh 1824 By cash for a New Hat  1 00
 Oct 20th 1824By cash paid for a handsome Easy Chair 00  00
 May 17th 1825By cash paid for Cloth and Buttons for Coat(s)  200 
 Jun 13th 1825By cash paid for the journey to London  500 00 
 Jun 20th 1825By cash for the repairs of the Carriage 14 00
 Jan 23rd 1826By cash paid for half years Water Rates  12  00
 Jan 29th 1826By cash paid for Table Beer  110  00
 May 9th 1826By cash paid towards the poor in Lancashire  2100 00 
 Nov 27th 1826By cash paid to Robert Slaney as a present200  00 00
 Feb 7th 1828By cash paid to John Harris for a Bedstead and Furniture compleat (sic) 910 10 
 Feb 19th 1828By cash paid for Oil Cloth for Parlour  214 00 
 Feb 19th 1828By cash paid Mr (Mrs.?) Farrer for a Glass Lantern  1 10 00
 Apr 14th 1828Paid W Whyte for his Prescription  1 00
 Apr 22nd 1828Paid Mr Salt for Stafford Infirmary sine Christmas last *00 
Oct 21st 1828 By cash paid Judd for repairs at No. 7 100 00 00 
 Oct 21st 1828By cash paid to Harding for painting at No. 7 52  1000 
Oct 21st 1828By cash paid to Charwoman for cleaning house11000 

* Was he a benefactor of the hospital or a patient? He died in November 1830 at the age of 76.

 

It would appear from the above that the job to have in the 1820's was that of painter!       

 

 

-          A Victim of Crime.

 

 

Tuesday 15th January 1828.

Third Middlesex Jury – before Mr Sergeant Arabin.

 

296. RICHARD JONES was indicted for feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Joseph Muckleston, at St Pancras, on 6th January, and stealing 13 spoons, value £5, 1 pair of silver tongs, value 5s.; 3 dozen of knives and forks, value £1., and 1 bottle of wine, value 4s., the goods of said Joseph Muckleston; and 3 dresses, value £3.; 1 cloak, value 15s.; 1 scarf, value, 8s.; 2 pockets, value 1s.; 1 bonnet, value £1., 1 pair of gloves, value 2s.; 1 pair of bracelets, value 10s.; 3 handkerchiefs, value 12s.; 1 umbrella, value 8s.; 1 brooch, value 6s.; 1 pair of earrings value,  5s.; 2 caps, value 6s.; 1 collar, value 6d.; 2 pairs of stockings, value 15s.; 20 yards of silk, value 50s.; 5 yards of ribbon, value 4s. and 1 bodkin and tweezers, value 1s., the goods of Elizabeth Drury, spinster.

 

ELIZABETH DRURY. I am servant to Mr. Joseph Muckleston, who lives at No. 2 Euston Street, Euston Square, in the parish of St Pancras. On Sunday 6th January I went out at 10 o’clock in the morning, leaving the house empty; the family were in the country – I had the care of the house – I spoke to my next door neighbour, Gayer, to have an eye to the house – I left every place perfectly secure, and the street door double locked; the windows were all down and fastened; the area door was also secure – I returned before 2 o’clock; I found the house open, and five of the neighbours there; I went into the parlour, and found two cupboards, with the locks broken open, and every thing else in confusion; the things they had not taken were all packed up, ready to be taken away; there were three dresses of my own, which had been brought down stairs, and packed up, one cloak, two silk handkerchiefs, one pair of gloves, a scarf, a pair of bracelets, and a gauze handkerchief of mine; and there was of master’s property, four table, four desert and four teaspoons, a pair of sugar tongs, and three dozen of knives and forks; the silver spoons were all quite gone – the other things were tied up in a bundle, ready to be taken away; a silver mustard spoon was afterwards found; twenty yards of silk had been taken out of the house, and five yards of black ribbon, two pairs of black silk stockings, two lace caps, which have been found, and there was a Leghorn bonnet; a bottle of wine was taken out of the parlour cupboard – I went up stairs, and found the house rifled; the value of all the property was £19 or £20. I found the front door open when I came home.

 

MARY GAYER. I live servant next door to Mr. Muckleston. On Sunday Morning, the 6th of January, Drury requested me to have an eye to the house, as she was going out – I heard a knock at Mr. Muckleston’s door, about eleven o’clock – I went into our area, to answer it, as I can see Mr Muckleston’s door – I saw a young man there – a stranger; it was not the prisoner; he asked me if Mrs Turner lived there – I told him No, that Mrs. Drury lived there; he then asked me if this was Drummond Street – I told him No, he must go to the bottom of the street, and turn to the right and the left – I went in, and did not see him go away; in about half an hour a gentleman, who was in my masters parlour, called me, and said he had seen two men coming from this house – I was up stairs – I immediately came down, opened the street door, and saw three men walking and talking – I called Stop Thief! They were four doors off, walking slowly away together – I called Stop Thief! Stop Thief! I ran after them, and they ran before me; they ran up Coburg Street, two on the left hand side and one on the right; one of them turned down a cow yard – I followed that man; he ran into the cow-house – I went into the cow-house, but could not see him there – Hawkins went into the cow-house, and soon after brought the prisoner out of it; this bottle of wine was given to me out of the cow-house, by Seabrook; when the prisoner was brought out, he appeared to be the same man as I was pursuing – I am sure of him – I have not a doubt of him.

 

WILLIAM HAWKINS. I keep an eating-house. I heard a cry of Stop Thief! and followed the prisoner, who had just turned the corner – I followed him into the cow-house – I went to the bottom of the cow-house, and could not see him at first; it was light – I went back, and asked a man, if a man had not gone in; he said Yes; there is but one door, and I was certain he could not have got out – I then went to the end of the cow-house, and found the prisoner under a truss of hay – I pulled the hay off him, and said he must get up, and pulled him up; he made no resistance – I brought him out, and the last witness immediately said he was the man – I had him taken to the watch house, and the officer, Clark, found on him some skeleton keys and other things.

 

JAMES SEABROOK. I live with the owner of this cow-house. I heard the alarm, and saw the prisoner brought out of the cow-house – I went in afterwards, and found a bottle of wine, an umbrella, and some silk under the hay, and a pair of silver spectacles.

 

JOSEPH CLARK. I am an officer. The prisoner was given into my charge, on Sunday morning a little after twelve o’clock, and in his coat pocket I found fourteen skeleton keys, a silk handkerchief, two pairs of black silk stockings, a collar, and some skeins of silk in his hat.

 

THOMAS BUCKERIDGE. I am a street keeper. I heard a cry of Stop Thief! and pursued a person as far as Camden Town, and lost him – I went to the house, and saw it all in confusion – Seabrook gave me the wine, the silk and spectacles; a skeleton key was picked up, which opens Mr Muckleston’s door.

 

ELIZABETH DRURY. There was a bottle of wine taken away; this silk, and the spectacles are mine; all this property belongs to the house.

 

PRISONER. I leave it to the mercy of the court.

 

 

GUILTY – DEATH. Aged 47.

 

(cripes today he would probably just been given community service!)

 

 

-          A charitable man

 

 

Mucklestone's Almshouses - Burton upon Trent 

 

In the early 19th century Joseph Mucklestone surrendered the lease of four houses on the south side of Cat (later Station) Street to the feoffees (refers to the owner of a legal right to property) of the town, lands for use as rent-free housing for the poor.  In 1835 the houses were occupied by four elderly men, who by 1861 were supplied with coals and a stipend from the town lands income.  In 1875 the charity came under the management of the Almshouse Branch of the Consolidated Charities of Burton-upon-Trent. 

 

At some time between 1880 and 1884 the houses were sold to the brewing firm Worthington & Co., and four new almshouses designed by Reginald Churchill were built in York Street. A Charity Commission scheme of 1981 stipulated that the four almshouses should continue to be reserved for men. 

From: 'Burton-upon-Trent: Charities for the poor', A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 9: Burton-upon-Trent (2003), pp. 156-162.

-          Correspondance with one of his tenants

 

We have been fortunate to have come across some letters written to Joseph, mainly to do with his estates and property holdings.

 

Letter to Mr Joseph Muckleston at 7, Euston Square, London from C Neville of Gosport.

 

Government House,

Gosport       

 

27th December 1822

Dear Sir,

 

            I had this morning a letter from Miss Adams saying, that she had seen you and that you had mentioned your expectation of getting into the house you had taken close to the Square, on Wednesday next. As in some cases ladies are not so distinct as they wish to be I would not entirely act upon her information and therefore now write to you to learn whether satisfactorily to yourself, you can remove into your new quarters at the time above stated and allow me to send a waggon load of furniture to No. 7 Euston Square next Thursday morning the 2nd of January.

 

            I expect that Mrs. Neville will be in town next Wednesday evening and will call at the house the following morning as she has taken lodgings for a week near Euston Square in order to superintend the placing of furniture etc. I trust that you are entirely recovered from your late accident and I should be much obliged by a line from you by return of post on the subject of my enquiries.

 

                                                            I remain,

                                                                        Dear Sir,

 

                                                                                    Very faithfully Yours,

 

                                                                                                C Neville

 

As Joseph owned number 7 Euston Square, we can assume that Mr Neville was a very pushy tenant! - more letters follow - I wonder what sort of accident Joseph had?

 

 

Letter to Mr Joseph Muckleston at Prescott nr Shrewsbury from Mr CH Neville.

 

                                                                        Euston Square,

 

                                                                        August 9th 1823

Dear Sir,

 

            I was from home when your letter came which is the cause of it's not being earlier answered. I lodged the rent due last midsummer with Drummonds with you as soon as the Publik Dividends were paid, it being more convenient thus to pay them half yearly than quarterly.

            In respect of the house I am very well satisfied: but the exterior requires to be refreshed and the interior painted next year, availing myself of your kind disposition to oblige me as stated in your letter. 

 

            I have to observe that the accommodations most wanted, are, a small dressing room for myself at the back of the housekeepers room, some drying posts over that room, a door in the hall passage and the light closets in the attic to be fitted up with shelves, to hold carpets, blankets, etc. that are not in use.

            I am sorry to say that the cistern in the attics, suddenly leaked; and the water rushed out so violently before we could stop it, as to discolour the ceiling of the drawing room: I trust this will not again happen.

 

            The estimate of the little room, drying posts, door in the hall passage and shelves in the light closet would not exceed eighty five pounds and would render the house much more complete; and, if done, I should have no objection to take it for the term first contemplated of five years at £130 per annum.

 

            In regard to the rent, I, in no degree complain - but several of the houses in the square, equally large and more commodious than mine, stand at a lower rent. When this is considered, and that the accommodations I have suggested are so beneficial to the property I think you will have no objection to granting them, as I will undertake the superintendence of the work and give every aid in my power to complete it. I beg an answer at your earlier convenience, and remain,

 

                                                Dear Sir,

 

                                                            Very faithfully yours,

 

                                                                        CH: Neville

 

 

(What a cheeky blighter he appears to be - very pushy too! The joys of being a landlord - NB Joseph also owned two other houses in Euston Square – referenced in his will)

 

Joseph wrote back and somehow a copy? of his letter is to be found in the record office.

 

                                                            Prescott Nr. Shrewsbury

 

                                                            the 14 of August 1823

 

Dear Sir,

 

            I received yours a few days back. The rent being paid half yearly if more convenient to you makes no difference to me. In respect of the house it was in very compleat repair when I quitted and I should suppose it is so now. I have another house in the Square that I have let upon lease at £130 a year clear of all expenses.

If it is agreeable to you to continue in the house upon those terms I shall be very happy to have a Respectable Family in it, but I cannot think of agreeing to your Proposals of laying out eighty five pounds for alterations at the House which may be Conveniences to your Family but no use to others that may succeed to the House hereafter, or to any of my own Relations. If you and I agree upon Terms for the House from Christmas next I shall make no object of fitting up a door in the Hall Passage as you wish to accommodate You. I am sorry to hear of the Cistern leaking, or overflowing as I am afraid it would Discolour the Drawing Ceiling much. I intend being in London soon and then I will do Myself the pleasure of calling upon you.

 

                                    I conclude,

 

                                                Dear Sir,

 

                                                            Yours very sincerely,

 

                                                                        Jos. Muckleston

 

(I knew we could depend on Joseph to sort him out! but I fear this is not the last we will hear from Mr Neville.)

 

Letter to Mr Joseph Muckleston at Prescott nr. Baschurch, Salop. from Mr. CH: Neville of Sutton near Hounslow.

 

                                                            Sutton near Hounslow

 

                                                            Aug 14th: 1828.

 

Dear Sir,

 

            Having given up your house in Euston Square to Mr Kemp, and he having valued the fixtures originally had from you, which I left, amounting to £57-11-0d nothing further remains between us, than that I pay you the difference between the above sum seventy pounds for which I was responsible to you according to our agreement - this I will lodge with Messers. Drummond to your credit on an early occasion of my going to Town - I trust that your health is improved from your residence in the country: and, with every good wish, I remain, Dear Sir,

 

                                                Very faithfully yours,

 

                                                            CH: Neville.

 

( A tenant for almost six years I bet there was a lot of correspondence between them!)        

 

Letter to Mr Joseph Muckleston of Prescott from Mr H Moore (signature not easy to read)

                                                            21 Surrey Street, Strand.

                                                            1st August 1829

 

Dear Sir,

 

            I am sorry to say that in consequence of the long continued indisposition of Mr. Felton and from his not having been able to attend to business that he is still in very embarrassed circumstances. He is under notice to quit his house at Michealmas next and without he can raise the means of paying the rent viz. £45 his furniture will be seized. Mr Measham has very kindly and handsomely offered to take his son as an apprentice and he is only waiting for the means of purchasing clothing for him before he goes to Woburn.

 

            I hope Miss Evans is better than she was. Should you see her I shall feel obliged by you making Mr Moores respects to her.

                                    I remain           Yours truly,

 

                                                            H Moore.

 

(A subtle request for a hand out for Mr Felton?)

 

Letter to Mr Joseph Muckleston of Prescott nr. Shrewsbury (with franked seal) from Mr Jos. Pycroft of Burton-upon-Trent, apparently an agent for Mr Muckleston.

 

20th December 1829

 

My Dear Sir,

 

            I should have acknowledged the receipt of your very handsome present of Brawn? some days ago and for which I am extremely obliged, but waited in the expectation of having some matter of business to communicate.

 

            Your Seal tenants request that I will not fix the day for receiving their rents till after the new markets, which I have complied with. I shall hope to send you a remittance about the middle of January.

 

            The five pounds worth of bread to the poor of Neatherseal of course you will continue and if I should hear nothing to the contrary, I will desire Mr. Bailey and Mr. Samuel Musgrove to distribute it on New Years Day, the usual time.

 

            I am sure you will be sorry to hear that poor Mr. Thomas continues extremely ill and I fear he cannot hold out much longer in his weak state.

 

            Mr. W N Griesley is much pleased with the permission you have given him to sport on your estate. He is a very good natured young man.

 

            I beg to be remembered to Mr. Presland and the family at Walford and in wishing you many happy returns of the approaching season.

                                    Believe me,

 

                                                My dear sir,

 

                                                            Very sincerely yours,

 

                                                                        Jos. Pycroft.

 

Correspondence with his great nieces

Three letters on one sheet to Mr Joseph Muckleston in 1827, at 2 Euston Place, Euston Square, from 1) Mary Slaney 2) Elizabeth F Slaney and 3) R A Slaney from Walford.

 

My Dear Uncle,

 

            I hope that you are quite well. How do you like being in London at this time of the year. I am sure I would not like to be there at all.

 

            Captain Owen of Woodhouse got a fall today leaping a gate and has broken his collar bone. We saw him riding home.

 

            I hope you will be home again by the time the bazaar is open. I understand that there will be a great many fine things there. We have made a few things for it ourselves.

 

                                                With best love to you,

 

                                                I remain my Dear Uncle,

 

                                                Your Affect. Niece,

 

                                                Mary Slaney.

 

 

My Dear Uncle,

 

            I am afraid you have very foggy disagreeable weather for it is so misty here that I am sure it must be very bad in London.

 

            The puppy that is for you is grown a very fine fat little dog it is almost as big as it's mother.

 

            Mr. Evans has been very ill but he is better now I believe. Fanny is a good deal better than she was and I hope by the time that you come back she will be got quite well again.

 

            The gardens are all looking very desolate and dull. The leaves are nearly off most of the trees which make them look very lonely and the walks very untidy. Papa and Mama join with me in love. They are much obliged to you for the oysters.

 

                                    Your affectionate niece,

 

                                    Elizabeth F Slaney.

                                                            Walford, Friday Novbr. 2nd 1827

 

Dear Sir,

 

                        I send you today a brace of partridges from H......

 

                                    Believe me, yours very sincerely,

 

                                                R.A. Slaney    

Correspondence with his nephew in law.

 

Letters between RA Slaney and Joseph Muckleston in Shropshire R&R

 

 ref 665/5582 - 5583 dated April 1828

 

"He received Muckleston's message conveyed by Tom Preslands letter desiring him not to pay over the half notes received from Drummonds to Mr Jeffreys till authorised to do so. As Slaney was leaving Walford to come to his fathers’ for a couple of days on his way to London, he has left the notes in Eliza's safe keeping to await directions - she remains at Walford however only till Thursday next as on the 18th she intends to set out for London and will be very glad to find Muckleston and her mother pretty well. Everything goes on well at Prescot and Walford, he trusts the difficulty as to the title to the new purchase will soon be settled. Smiths sale was a pretty good one and everybody seems glad they are going, as they kept such bad fences. Slaneys’ father and mother are tolerably well. The little girls send their love.

 

-          His Land Holdings

The most comprehensive view of Joseph's estates are of course in his will but also in an estate book which was produced after his death on 11th November 1830 at the age of 76 by his executors. The estate book can be viewed in Shropshire Record Office.

 

He had purchased the Merrington Estate in Shropshire in 1817 from his cousin the Reverend John Fletcher Muckleston DD.

 

 

The Estate Book of Joseph Muckleston.

 

Can be found in the Shrewsbury Records and Research Office (Reference MS 3045) It is thirteen and a quarter inches high and nine and a quarter inches wide with a rather battered red cover. In it (in beautiful copperplate handwriting) is a survey of Josephs estates, together with hand drawn coloured maps. Each entry gives the location of the area rented, the name of the tenant, the area of the plot, the value per acre (in shillings) and the yearly value.

 

Measurements are given in A(cres) = 4840 square yards.  R(ood) = a quarter of an acre. P(ole) = 30.25 square yards.

 

The following are the names of two of Josephs tenants of the Merrington Estate, together with some of their holdings.

 

These two tenants rented only a very small proportion of Josephs’ vast lands and to give you some idea as to the value of his regular income I have also given the cost of various items in 1825.

 

(ARP - size of plot   £sd - value of plot)

Thomas Smith

 

Plot  Land  A £ 
 9 House, garden, fold, barns and rick yard 1  2
 14 Davis Croft  3 3  26
 15 Lower Well Meadow  520  22 
 16 Upper Well Meadow  6   25 10 
 17  Townsend  6  21 12 0
 18 War Hill  3 36 24  15
 19 Big Kinhill  324   2011 
 20 Little Kinhill  5 3 20 15 
 21 Blake Meadow  10 7 20 15 
 22 Cow Leasow 14  233  15 11 

 

 

John Kent     

 Plot  Land A £  d
  Old Yard 1 13 30  10 0 
 5  Barn, fold, yard and garden11   }   
 7 House. Garden and hempbutt                     1 23  10
 12 Banky Leasow  327  6

What you could get for your money in 1825

 

We have listed below some of the things that Joseph Muckleston  may have seen fit to spend his rental income on. The prices shown are in today's currency (with the old currency in brackets).

 

 

Housing

 

A new two or three bedroom house (depending on size and location) £150 - £225

Rent of a London Villa  £45 per year

Rent of a working class house 27p

 

Wages

 

Senior Clerk £1.15p (£1 3/-)

Clerk   60p  (12/-)

Labourer  75p   (15/-)

 

Food

 

1lb of Coffee   5p   (1/-)

1lb of Bacon    5p   (1/-)

1lb of Beef       5p   (1/-)

A Gallon of Beer   5p    (1/-)

14lb of Potatoes   2p   (5d)

Oysters   3p  (8d)  a dozen

 

Where did all the money go????

So what happened to the great mans money? why are the rest of us not mega rich like our ancestors were?

 

I have detailed below a summary of Joseph's will.

 

JOSEPH MUCKLESTON (28th Jan 1754 - 11th Nov 1830)

 

Will written 31st March 1824. Codicils 18th Oct 1827, 8th May 1828, 23rd Jan 1829, 25th Oct 1830. Proved 18th Dec 1830.

Property:

 

Extensive and included - Estates in Prescott Salop, Milford Salop, Staffordshire including and estate near Uttoxeter, Leicestershire and Derbyshire. Great Tithes at Eyton Salop. Manor of Walford Salop. Houses and Lands in Walford and Yeaton Salop. Leasehold premises of Numbers 7, 20 and 21 Euston Square, London Middlesex (still standing today)

 

Bequests:

 

* Most of his freehold property, lands etc., went to his niece Elizabeth Slaney (nee Muckleston) .

* His estates near Uttoxeter were left to Thomas Plowden Presland.

* 7 Euston Square went to his niece Elizabeth Slaney  and after her death to his great niece Elizabeth Frances Slaney.

* 21 Euston Square went to his sister in law Frances Muckleston  and after her death to his great niece Mary Slaney .

* 20 Euston Square went to Sarah Key  of Hampstead (spinster) and after her death to his great niece  Frances Catherine Slaney.

* £1,500 of 3% stock to Salop Infirmary

* £500 of 3% stock to each of his three executors.

* £1,000 of 3% stock to his cousin John Fletcher Muckleston.

* £500 of 3% stock to his godson Jonathon Muckleston Key.

* £500 of 3% stock to his god daughter Louisa Muckleston daughter of John Fletcher Muckleston.

* £1,000 of 3% stock to Wilemina Catherine Lynam  of Bath

* £100 of 3% stock to each of Mary  and Deborah Evans  of Prescott spinsters.

* £50 to his servant Sarah Thomas

* One years wages to all his servants.

* £10,000 to each of his great nieces  Elizabeth Frances Slaney, Mary Slaney  and Frances Catherine Slaney.

 

Codicils:

 

* £200 to servant Sarah Thomas

* £200 to Henry Key  and  Jonathon Key.

* £5,000 to Plowden Presland Esq.

* £2,000 to Thomas Plowden Presland.

* £300 of 4% stock to servant Sarah Thomas

* £50 to housekeeper Elizabeth Stacey

* £50 and wearing apparel to servant Thomas Griffin

* Furniture to Sarah Thomas

* £10 per annum annuity to servant Elizabeth Prey

* £10 each for mourning to servants John Williams, David Jarvis, Martha Tifton and Sarah Williams.

* Suit of clothes for John Williams  and  David Jarvis.

* Servant Sarah Thomas's  previous legacies replaced by an annuity of £30 a year.